From PLoSone, 30 March 2011.
Assessment of a 44 Gene Classifier for the Evaluation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell Gene Expression
Daniel Frampton1, Jonathan Kerr2, Tim J. Harrison3, Paul Kellam1,4*
1 Department of Infection, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, London, United Kingdom, 2 Division of Clinical Sciences, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom, 3 Department of Internal Medicine, University College London Medical School, London, United Kingdom, 4 The Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a clinically defined illness estimated to affect millions of people worldwide causing significant morbidity and an annual cost of billions of dollars. Currently there are no laboratory-based diagnostic methods for CFS. However, differences in gene expression profiles between CFS patients and healthy persons have been reported in the literature. Using mRNA relative quantities for 44 previously identified reporter genes taken from a large dataset comprising both CFS patients and healthy volunteers, we derived a gene profile scoring metric to accurately classify CFS and healthy samples. This metric out-performed any of the reporter genes used individually as a classifier of CFS.
To determine whether the reporter genes were robust across populations, we applied this metric to classify a separate blind dataset of mRNA relative quantities from a new population of CFS patients and healthy persons with limited success. Although the metric was able to successfully classify roughly two-thirds of both CFS and healthy samples correctly, the level of misclassification was high. We conclude many of the previously identified reporter genes are study-specific and thus cannot be used as a broad CFS diagnostic.
Citation: Frampton D, Kerr J, Harrison TJ, Kellam P (2011) Assessment of a 44 Gene Classifier for the Evaluation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell Gene Expression. PLoS ONE 6(3): e16872. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016872
Editor: Raya Khanin, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, United States of America
Received: July 28, 2010; Accepted: January 7, 2011; Published: March 30, 2011
Copyright: © 2011 Frampton et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Funding: This study was funded by a research grant from the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Research Foundation (http://www.cfsrf.com). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
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