From the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, December 2014.
How is paediatric chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis diagnosed and managed by paediatricians? An Australian Paediatric Research Network Study.
Sarah Knight(1,2,3,4,*), Adrienne Harvey(1,2,3), Susan Towns(5,6), Donald Payne(7,8), Lionel Lubitz(9), Kathy Rowe(9,10), Colette Reveley(9,10), Sabine Henne(l2), Harriet Hiscock(1,3,11) and Adam Scheinberg(1,2,12).
1) Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
2) Victorian Paediatric Rehabilitation Service, The University of Melbourne, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
3) Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
4) The Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
5) Discipline Paediatrics & Child Health, The University of Sydney, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
6) Department of Adolescent Medicine, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
7) Department of Adolescent Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
8) School of Paediatrics and Child Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
9) Department of General Paediatric Medicine, The Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
10) Department of Adolescent Health, The Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
11) Centre for Community and Child Health, The Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
12) Faculty of Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
*Correspondence: Dr Sarah Knight, Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, The Royal Children’s Hospital, Flemington Road, Melbourne, Vic. 3052, Australia. Fax: +61 3 9348 1391 ; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The diagnosis and management of paediatric chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encepnalomyelitis (CFS/ME) represent ongoing challenges for paediatricians. A better understanding of current approaches at a national level is important in informing where research and education could improve treatment outcomes. We aimed to examine current diagnosis and management practices for CFS/ME by Australian paediatricians.
An online survey was sent to members of the Australian Paediatric Research Network. The primary outcomes of interest included diagnostic criteria used, medical investigations and management practices in paediatric CFS/ME.
One hundred seventy-eight (41%) of 430 eligible paediatricians responded, with 70 of the 178 (39%) reporting that they diagnose and manage CFS/ME as part of their practice. Medical investigations used for diagnosis were variable. Conditions that more than half of the paediatricians reported as commonly co-occurring (i.e. present in >50% of cases) included somatisation disorders, anxiety, depression and fibromyalgia. There was wide variation in behavioural and pharmacological management strategies but most paediatricians commonly engaged a school teacher, physiotherapist and/or psychologist as part of their management.
The diagnostic and management practices of paediatricians for CFS/ME within Australia vary widely. This likely reflects a paucity of paediatric-specific guidelines, together with limited evidence to guide best practice and limited training in this area. There is a need for guidance and education for the diagnosis and management of paediatric CFS/ME in Australia.